Prairie school architecture is a style of architecture that originated in the Midwest United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is characterized by its horizontal lines, flat roofs, and integration with the surrounding landscape. Prairie school architecture was influenced by the work of the architect Frank Lloyd Wright and his ideas about organic architecture, which sought to create a harmonious relationship between the built environment and the natural world.
One of the key features of Prairie school architecture is its emphasis on horizontal lines. This is achieved through the use of long, low-slung buildings with wide, overhanging eaves and horizontal bands of windows. This horizontal emphasis is meant to reflect the wide, open landscape of the Midwest, and it creates a sense of connection with the surrounding environment.
Prairie school architecture also incorporates a number of design elements that are intended to blend the building with the surrounding landscape. This includes the use of natural materials such as wood, stone, and brick, as well as the incorporation of outdoor living spaces and the use of large windows to bring in natural light and create a feeling of openness.
In addition to these design elements, Prairie school architecture is also characterized by its functionalism and simplicity. The buildings are designed to be efficient and practical, with a focus on functionality rather than decorative flourishes. This functionalism is reflected in the use of clean, geometric shapes and the absence of unnecessary ornamentation.
Overall, Prairie school architecture is a unique and distinctive style of architecture that reflects the values and ideals of the Midwest. Its horizontal lines, integration with the landscape, and focus on functionality create a sense of connection with the surrounding environment and a sense of simplicity and efficiency.